10 COMMON DISEASES

CAUSES OF 10
COMMON SYMPTOMS

CHLAMYDIA

 
Subject Contents

Chlamydia

 
Definition
A sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis .
Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

 
Alternative Names

 
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Chlamydia infection is caused by the organism Chlamydia trachomatis . It is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States. Sexually active individuals and individuals with multiple partners are at highest risk. Chlamydia may be acquired jointly with gonorrhea and/or syphilis, so individuals with one sexually transmitted disease must be screened for other sexually transmitted diseases as well. Untreated chlamydia can lead to pelvic infection and infertility. In men, chlamydia may produce symptoms similar to those of gonorrhea (discharge from penis or rectum, burning on urination or defecation), and can also cause epididymitis and orchitis . However, up to 25% of infected men may have no symptoms. Chlamydia (female) : only approximately 30% of women will have symptoms due to chlamydia -- hence screening sexually active women for chlamydia is necessary to diagnose and treat asymptomatic women in order to decrease the risk of developing complications. Women who do have symptoms may note vaginal discharge, burning on urination, or abdominal pain. Untreated infection may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) , which can cause scarring of the fallopian tubes and result in infertility . Tubal scarring also increases the likelihood of an ectopic pregnancy ( tubal pregnancy ). If a women is infected with chlamydia while pregnant , the infection can cause premature labor and delivery. In addition, the infant may develop chlamydial conjunctivitis (eye infection) and chlamydial pneumonia.
Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

 
Symptoms
MALE
  • burning sensation during urination
  • discharge from the
  • penis
  • testicular tenderness
  • or pain
  • rectal discharge or pain
  • FEMALE
  • vaginal discharge
  • burning sensation during urination
  • sexual intercourse, painful
  • symptoms of
  • PID '>PID , salpingitis , perihepatitis (liver inflammation similar to hepatitis ) -- see the individual diseases for symptoms
  • rectal pain or discharge
  • Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Signs and tests
    The diagnosis of chlamydia infection involves sampling of the urethral discharge in males or cervical secretions in females. If an individual engages in anal sexual contact, samples from the rectum may also be needed. The sample is sent for a fluorescent or monoclonal antibody test, DNA probe test or cell culture. Some of these tests may also be performed on urine samples.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Treatment
    The mainstay of therapy for chlamydia includes appropriate antibiotic treatment -- these include: tetracyclines, azithromycin or erythromycin. All sexual contacts should be screened for chlamydia. Sexual partners must be treated to prevent passing the infection back and forth. There is no significant immunity following the infection and a person may become repeatedly infected. A follow-up evaluation may be done in 4 weeks to determine if the infection has been cured.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Support Groups

     
    Expectations (prognosis)
    Early antibiotic treatment is extremely successful and may prevent the development of long-term complications. Untreated infection, however, may lead to PID '>PID , scarring and ultimately infertility.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Complications
  • pelvic inflammatory disease (
  • PID)
  • salpingitis
  • infertility
  • ectopic pregnancy
  • Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Calling your health care provider
  • Call your health care provider if you have any of the symptoms associated with chlamydial infection.
  • Because a significant proportion of individuals with chlamydia may not have any symptoms, sexually active adults (in particular women with new or multiple partners) should be screened periodically for chlamydia.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Prevention
    Safe sexual practices and consistent condom use are important prevention measures to help decrease infection with chlamydia. In addition, sexually active individuals (in particular women with new or multiple sexual partners) should be periodically screened for chlamydia.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

    Chlamydial urethritis - male

     
    Definition
    Chlamydial urethritis is a sexually transmitted disease involving infection of the urethra (the tube that drains urine from the bladder).
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Alternative Names

     
    Causes, incidence, and risk factors
    Chlamydial urethritis is caused by a type of microorganism that lives as a parasite within human cells and has properties of both viruses and bacteria. chlamydia can cause nonspecific urethritis with a discharge from the penis and swollen testes . The symptoms can appear similar to gonorrhea infection but persist after treatment for gonorrhea. chlamydia and gonorrhea often occur together. chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease in the US and abroad. Approximately 5 out of 10,000 men are affected annually. Risk factors include multiple sexual partners and sexual contact without condoms. Different strains of chlamydia cause genital, eye, lymph node, and respiratory infections. chlamydia is the most common cause of blindness in the world. A child born to a woman with a chlamydia infection of the cervix may develop an acute eye or lung.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Symptoms
  • Difficlty urinating
  • Painful urination
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Discharge from the
  • penis
  • Testicular tenderness
  • Redness, swlling of the opening of the urethra at tip of the penis
  • Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Signs and tests
  • Urethral discharge culture
  • or seminal fluid culture
  • Monoclonal
  • antibody test
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Treatment
    The antibiotics doxycycline (100 mg twice a day for 7 days) or azithromycin (1 gm as a single dose) are used to treat chlamydia infections. Patients with allergies may take ofloxacin or erythromycin base. Both sexual partners must be treated for both gonorrhea and chlamydia to prevent passing the infections back and forth. Even partners without symptoms need to be treated. Both partners should also be screened for syphilis.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Support Groups

     
    Expectations (prognosis)
    Antibiotic treatment is usually successful.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Complications
    Strictures (narrowing) of the urethra may occur. This may require surgical intervention to correct. The infection may recur if compliance with therapy is not good, or if both sexual partners are not treated.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Calling your health care provider
    Call your health care provider if symptoms indicate a chlamydia infection may be present.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Prevention
    Having a monogamous sexual relationship with an uninfected partner is the best way to avoid this infection. The proper use of condoms during intercourse decreases the risk of infection.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

    Chlamydia infections in women

     
    Definition
    A sexually transmitted disease caused by parasitic microorganisms. These microorganisms cause a wide range of infections in humans, including infections of the male and female genital tracts, eye infections, and pneumonia. Recently, infections with certain types of chlamydia have been associated with coronary heart disease.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Alternative Names

     
    Causes, incidence, and risk factors
    Different strains of chlamydia cause genital, eye, lymph node, and respiratory infections. chlamydia causes trachoma, which is the most common cause of blindness in the world. In the developed world, infections due to chlamydia are a common sexually transmitted disease; in the U.S., approximately 50 women per 100,000 are infected annually, with women aged 15-24 at greatest risk. Risk factors include multiple sexual partners. chlamydia is the most common reportable disease in the United States. Sexually transmitted chlamydia infections can infect the the urethra "urethritis", the rectum, and the throat. In women, the infection may lead to inflammation of the cervix . If untreated, infection may spread to the uterus or the fallopian tubes "salpingitis" and cause pelvic inflammatory disease. This can cause infertility and can increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Symptoms
  • urination, painful
  • (burning sensation)
  • vaginal discharge
  • or bleeding
  • abdominal pain
  • painful intercourse
  • Note: Many
  • chlamydia infections have no symptoms ( asymptomatic ).
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Signs and tests
  • culture from cervix
  • in women
  • non-culture tests including:
  • DNA probes
  • immunofluorescence assays
  • enzyme immunoassays
  • nucleic acid amplification tests
  • Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Treatment
    Chlamydia can be treated with a variety of antibiotics, including azithromycin, erythromycin, tetracyclines, ofloxacin, and amoxicillin. Erythromycin and amoxicillin are safe in pregnant women. Both sexual partners must be treated to prevent passing the infection back and forth between them, even though both may not have symptoms.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Support Groups

     
    Expectations (prognosis)
    Antibiotic treatment is usually successful. Reinfection may occur if compliance with therapy is not good, or if both sexual partners are not treated.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Complications
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease, including
  • salpingitis and pelvic peritonitis
  • Infertility
  • in women caused by Fallopian tube scarring
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Chronic pelvic pain syndrome
  • Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Calling your health care provider
    Call for an appointment with your health care provider if symptoms of chlamydia occur.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.

     
    Prevention
    A monogamous sexual relationship with an uninfected partner is the best way to avoid this infection. The proper use of condoms during intercourse decreases the risk of infection.
    Another way of about payday loans las vegas nv not let a loan.