Subject Contents

Lung disease

Lung disease is any disease or disorder characterized by impaired lung function . There are three major physiologic categories of lung diseases: 1. Obstructive lung disease, defined as a decrease in the exhaled air flow caused by a narrowing or obstruction of the airways, such as with asthma , emphysema , and chronic bronchitis . 2. Restrictive lung disease, defined as a decrease in the total volume of air that the lungs are able to hold. Often this is due to a decrease in the elasticity or compliance of the lungs themselves or a problem in the expansion of the chest wall during inhalation. 3. A defect in the ability of the lung air sack tissue to promote the diffusion of oxygen into a person's blood. Most lung diseases actually involve a combination of these categories, such as emphysema, which is typified by both airflow obstruction and oxygenation problems. Major lung diseases include:
  • asthma
  • BOOP
  • chronic bronchitis
  • COPD (
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease )
  • emphysema
  • interstitial lung disease
  • pulmonary fibrosis
  • sarcoidosis
  • Other lung diseases include:
  • asbestosis
  • aspergilloma
  • aspergillosis - acute invasive
  • aspergillosis
  • - allergic
  • atelectasis
  • eosinophilic pneumonia
  • lung cancer
  • metastatic lung cancer
  • necrotizing pneumonia
  • pleural effusion
  • pneumoconiosis
  • pneumocystosis
  • pneumonia
  • pneumonia in immunodeficient patient
  • pneumothorax
  • pulmonary actinomycosis
  • pulmonary alveolar proteinosis
  • pulmonary anthrax
  • pulmonary arteriovenous malformation
  • pulmonary edema
  • pulmonary embolus
  • pulmonary histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)
  • pulmonary hypertension
  • pulmonary nocardiosis
  • pulmonary tuberculosis
  • pulmonary veno-occlusive disease
  • rheumatoid lung disease
  • This is not a complete list of lung diseases.
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    Alternative Names

    Causes, incidence, and risk factors


    Signs and tests


    Support Groups

    Expectations (prognosis)


    Calling your health care provider


    Lung disease - resources


    Alternative Names
    Resources - lung disease
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    RESOURCES FOR LUNG DISEASE American Lung Association 61 Broadway, 6th Floor New York, NY 10006 (212) 315-8700 www.lungusa.org National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Division of Lung Diseases Two Rockledge Center, Suite 10122 6701 Rockledge Dr. MSC 7952 Bethesda, Maryland 20892-7952 www.nhlbi.nih.gov/index.htm NHLBIinfo@rover.nhlbi.nih.gov GENERAL INFORMATION: Additional resources can be found through local libraries, your health care provider, and the yellow pages under "social service organizations."
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